Garrard (George, 1760-1826). Woburn Sheepshearing, published G. Garrard, 1811, original 1811 aquatint, stipple, etching and engraving, by M. N. Bate, J. C. Stadler and T. Morris. Gilt gesso frame and glazed. Engraving measures 51cm by 76cm and frame 67cm by 91cm. Recent auction and retail prices - Dominic Winter Auctions 02/10/2019 £700 plus commission; Sworders 17 Apr 2018 £620 plus commission; Hordern House Rare Books (Surry Hills, NSW, Australia) £5,700; Bonhams 15 Jul 2010 £696. Rothamsted Collection. A large detailed and striking image of the annual sheep shearing festival held by the Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey, with Sir Joseph Banks a resplendent figure in the foreground. This great agricultural show was started by Frances Russell (1763-1802) who established a model farm at Woburn with 'every convenience that could be desired for the breeding of cattle and experiments in farming'. This included valuable experiments upon the respective merits of the various breeds of sheep. The sheep shearing exhibitions lasted for days and the whole English agricultural world was invited to this splendid event; the week concluded with banquets for the Duke's numerous guests staying at Woburn Abbey. The scene shows an enormous crowd of noblemen, gentlemen, farmers, and agricultural labourers inspecting the numerous sheep and cattle whilst a shearing contest is taking place in a pen on the right. A busy scene with sheep in enclosure and men at work shearing at right, livestock amongst the crowds behind which includes many portraits, the Duke of Bedford on his horse in the centre; prize notices pinned to a tree at right, a table in the left foreground with medals and statues, the pavillion behind, inscribed: "Erected by the Duke of Bedford 1801"; the figures numbered 1-87, a key below. Wobourn Sheepshearing Dedicated by Permiſsion to His Grace the Duke of Bedford By his Grace’s most obedient and very humble Servant George Garrard
The description begins at the left hand corner. 1st the Shepherd1 leaning on his crook. A Southdown Tup, led out by a Shepherds2 Boy. Portraits, Sir Andrew3 Corbett, H.Hanmer4, Meſsrs. Reeves5, Honnibone6, Stubbins7, Dr. Cartwright8, Sir Thos. Hanmer9, Mr. Smith10, Lord Dundas11, The Revd. Bate12 Dudley, Rt. Honble. John13 Foster, Marquis14 of Tavistock, Ld. Ludlow15, Ld.Thanet16, Conyers17, Towers18, & Rt. Bing19, Esqrs. Meſsrs. Wilson20, Buckley21, Walton22, Stone23 & Runciman24, Sir Thos25. Miller, Mr. Fary26, Sectry. to the Smithfield Club. Dr. Yates37 of Bedford. The Revd Mr. Smernhove27, Envoy from Ruſsia. To commemorate the encouragement given by the late & Present Dukes of Bedford, to the Art of modelling Cattle, an Artist is represented in the Foreground distributing Models to the four Infant Sons of his Grace, Ld. Wriothorsley28, Lds Edward29, Charles30, & Ld Francis31 John, this compartment is releived by the Exhibition Room, on which the Prize Carcases+ are hung.
2nd In the Centre of the Picture a Portrait of his Grace the Duke32 of Bedford, mounted on his favorite Irish Mare, inspecting a piece of Broad Cloth, presented by Mr. George33 Tollett of his own Merino growth. Ld. Somerville34, Mr. Chas. Gordon35 Grey & Mr. Curwen36 M.P. form the principal Group. a Shepherd38 leading out a new Leicester Tup. Portraits of Ld. Winchelsea39 Sir Watkin40 William Wynne, H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence41, and Mr. Elman42. In the Background, Mr. Northey43, M.P. on horseback inspecting some Swedish Turnips, presented by Mr. Thos. Gibbs, M Astley44, Ld. William45 Ruſsell. Charles Callis46 Westurn Esqr M.P. Sir Charles47 Bunbury, Hugh48 Hoare and Lee49 Anthony Esqrs. M.P. Ld Sheffield50 and Mr. Sitwell51, Mr. Marshall52 Author of Agricultural Works, & Sir Thos.53 Carr with other Gentlemen inspecting a pair of Scotch Oxen. also Portraits Sir Harry91 Fetherstone Major90 Battin Ld Egremont89 and an extended group of Carriages & Horsemen.
3rd The Duke of Bedfords second & third Sons painted in 1805. Ld William54 & Ld. John55 Ruſsell, in the foreground, Samuel56 Whitbread & William57 Adam Esqrs M.P. speaking to a herdsman. Mr. Isted58 and Coll. Cunningham59 inspecting Cattle. Also Meſsrs. Lechmere60, Westcar61, Wakefield62 & Crook63, the late Godfrey Thornton64 & Mr. Higgins65, Ld. Oſsery66, The Duke of Manchester67, Ld. Bridgewater68, and an extended Group of Noblemen and Gentlemen. In this part of the composition the principal Animals consist of a group of Sheep of various breeds. In the Foreground SouthdownA, LeicesterB, WelchC & SpanishD, the Oakley HerefordE Bull under the Trees. The Wobourn Ox Feeder at the head of the Bull talking to Mr. Westcars Herdsman who fed all the beautiful Oxen that have been sent from Creslow. In the distance before the Cart Horse Stable, a SuffolkF Punch, Yokes of Oxen, &c, &c.
4th Arthur69 Young Esqr. Sectry to the Board of Agriculture, conversing with Sir John Sinclair70, Pred. B.A. Sir Joseph71 Banks, K.B. and Thos. Willm.72 Coke, Esqr. M.P. Meſsrs. Overman73 and Monyhill74. Davy75 the celebrated Chemist. Meſsrs. Pickford76, Moore77, Reynelle78, and Oakley79, Sir George80 Osbourne, Sir John81 Sebright, Coll. Beaumont82, Mr. Praed83, Junr. Mr. Waters84 & Mr. George Baker85 of Durham, in the distance the Revd. Mr. Hutton86 Mr Salmon87, Resident Surveyor, leaning on a Plough.
In this compartment of the Picture the Durham or Tees WaterG Fat Ox & ScotchH Bulls are seen, in the front of the great Barn, the fat Pigs in the distance, a Devon fat Heifer, with other Cattle & Sheep under the Trees. Two Men Shearing for a Prize in the Foreground, in the presence of the leading Members of the Board of Agriculture above mentioned.
The numbers over the names refer to numbers on or near each of the Portraits, which are readily seen with a Glass.
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